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Indoor Air Pollution Solutions

Indoor air pollution sources that release gases or particles into the air are the primary cause of indoor air quality problems in homes. Inadequate ventilation can increase indoor pollutant levels by not bringing in enough outdoor air to dilute emissions from indoor sources and by not carrying indoor air pollutants out of the home. High temperature and humidity levels can also increase concentrations of some pollutants.

The air we breathe in the home is all around us every second of the day. Children and new mothers are especially susceptible to poor indoor air quality as they spend, on average, over 90% of there time in an indoor environment.

Children are more vulnerable than adults because they are still developing physically and have higher breathing rates. A child’s lungs are not fully developed until they reach adolescence. Children inhale more contaminants per unit of body weight than adults.

Children living in poor air quality environments can suffer the following consequences:

  • Increased death rates in very severely polluted environments
  • Increased mortality risks for those living in highly polluted areas,
  • Increased risk of acute respiratory illness
  • Aggravation of asthma
  • Increased respiratory symptoms
  • Increased sickness rates
  • Decreases in lung function

Reduce the Risk: Indoor Air Pollution Solutions
Indoor air quality is dynamic and unpredictable. It is nearly impossible (not to mention impractical) to entirely eliminate exposure to poor air quality in the home. However, the following list details some fairly simple indoor air pollution solutions in the form of easy steps you can take to significantly reduce the threat in the home.

  • Know what materials and chemicals you have in your home and eliminate individual sources of pollution whenever possible. This includes cleaners, paints, asbestos, dust, debris, etc.
  • Open a window! In most cases, outdoor air quality is as good as or better than indoor air quality. Proper circulation of fresh outdoor air into the home through any means necessary is essential to increasing the air quality in the home.
  • Choose high quality home filters with a high MERV rating number, which measures a filter’s ability to trap particles ranging in size from 3.0 microns to 10.0 microns. The higher the MERV rating, the more efficient the filter is, and the more particles it can filter.
  • The most important thing to remember about home air filters is to change them regularly. Even the highest-quality filter can’t do its job right if it’s clogged with a thick layer of particles it’s been filtering from the air.
  • Bring an air cleaner or purifier into your home. Many air purifiers are available ranging from relatively inexpensive table-top models to sophisticated and expensive whole-house systems. Some air cleaners are much more effective at particle removal than others. It is important to research exactly which filter will be most effective for your family.